07Sep 2014

We conclude that patients receiving cinacalcet on dialysis presented similar serum phosphate levels but higher PTH and serum calcium levels during the initial six months after kidney transplantation than cinacalcet non-treated patients. The group previously treated with cinacalcet before transplantation showed higher FGF23 levels without significant differences, so further studies should investigate its relevance in the management of these patients.

07Sep 2014

Although scarce data are available, interesting opportunities are open for a better understanding of the pharmacogenetics of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. They include the reanalysis of data already available from epidemiological studies and clinical trials, as well as obtaining pharmacogenetic data in new studies. However, based upon the experience with previous genome-wide association studies, large collaborative efforts would be likely needed to obtain meaningful results.

07Sep 2014

Switching from tenofovir to abacavir led to a slight improvement in femoral BMD although no differences were detected between groups. Larger studies are necessary before firm recommendations can be made on the discontinuation of tenofovir in patients with a low BMD.

07Sep 2014

Bone turnover markers, BMD and bone microstructural changes in osteoporosis are opposite to those of OA. These findings justify a less resistant bone with higher risk of fragility fractures in OP patients. These histomorphometric and biomechanical changes may be suspected by measuring of BMD and β-CrossLaps levels.

07Sep 2014

The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) recommends optimal dietary protein intake of 1.0-1.2g/kgbodyweight/d with at least 20-25g of high-quality protein at each main meal, with adequate vitamin D intake at 800IU/d to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels >50nmol/L as well as calcium intake of 1000mg/d, alongside regular physical activity/exercise 3-5 times/week combined with protein intake in close proximity to exercise, in postmenopausal women for prevention of age-related deterioration of musculoskeletal health.

01Sep 2014

Malnutrition assessed by CONUT was very frequent in patients with liver cirrhosis. CONUT score inversely correlated with liver function, while malnutrition stage directly correlated with BMD, fracture risk, and 25(OH)-D3. Total cholesterol showed a negative association with BMD in this population.