Secular trends in hip fractures worldwide: opposing trends East versus west

J Bone Miner Res. 2014 Aug;29(8):1745-55. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.2218.

Data presented here show close parallels between rising rates of urbanization and hip fractures across disparate geographic locations and cultures. Once the proportion of the urban population stabilized, hip fracture rates also stabilize or begin to decrease perhaps due to the influence of other factors such as birth cohort effects, changes in bone mineral density and BMI, osteoporosis medication use and/or lifestyle interventions such as smoking cessation, improvement in nutritional status and fall prevention.

Autor: Ballane G, Cauley JA, Luckey MM, Fuleihan Gel-H.
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