Prevalence of causes of secondary osteoporosis and contribution to lower bone mineral density in HIV-infected patients.

A high prevalence of secondary causes of osteoporosis is observed in HIV-infected patients, and its type and cumulative number determine a lower BMD, after adjusting by age and body mass index.

Eighty-one percent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients had one or more of seven evaluated causes of secondary osteoporosis, and this rate increases with age. The type and number of causes were associated with a lower bone mineral density (BMD), and with an increased rate of osteopenia/osteoporosis, regardless of age and body mass index.

Autor: Casado JL, Bañon S, Andrés R, Perez-Elías MJ, Moreno A, Moreno S.

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